The outbreak of coronavirus is spreading at an alarming rate. It has been declared a global emergency by the World Health Organization.1
What is coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a type of viruses that cause respiratory illnesses in humans.2 The current outbreak of
coronavirus is caused by one of these viruses called the COVID-19 or novel coronavirus (nCoV). These viruses were never known to medicine before the current outbreak began.2,3
What are the symptoms of a coronavirus infection?
The symptoms of coronavirus infection include:
- Shortness of breath3
- Dry cough2
It can also lead to pneumonia, severe respiratory distress syndrome or kidney failure.3
How contagious is coronavirus?
Coronavirus spreads easily from person to person through air, making it extremely contagious. When a person with COVID-19 coughs or sneezes, they spray tiny drops of respiratory fluids in the air, through which the virus spreads to other people. You may also contract the virus by touching your mouth or nose after touching an infected object.2 Such objects are called as fomites and it is now clear that the virus can survive for varying time periods on different surfaces such as plastic, steel, paper and even in air.
How long after catching the virus will the symptoms appear?
The symptoms of coronavirus infection appear between 5 to 14 days of the infection.2
Can I get a coronavirus infection from my pet?
Till date, there is no evidence of transmission of COVID-19 from pets such as cats or dogs to humans.2
Is a coronavirus infection fatal?
As of 23rd March 2020, 446 cases of coronavirus have been diagnosed in India alone, along with 9 deaths, as per
the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, India.4 Currently, there is no treatment or vaccine available for this virus; however, some drug treatments and possible vaccines are under investigation.2 A significant number of people recover with supportive care.
How to protect yourself and others from coronavirus?
Here’s how you can do your bit to prevent contracting the infection:
- Wash your hands with water and soap or an alcohol-based sanitizer thoroughly.6
- Clean your hands properly before eating and after sneezing or coughing, visiting the toilet, or handling
- Cover your mouth and nose with your hand or elbow or use a tissue while sneezing or coughing. Throw the tissue in the dustbin after use.5
- Maintain a distance of 3 feet (1 metre) from someone who is sneezing or coughing.6
- Consult a healthcare practitioner immediately if you experience symptoms such as fever, cough, and difficulty breathing.6
- Avoid spitting in public.6
- Stay home, especially when sick.6
- Disinfect surfaces to kill the virus.2
- https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-publicSample Text